Comparing Government Systems: Parliament and Presidential Essay
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Comparing Government Systems: Parliament and Presidential
To start with, what is a parliament and presidential system of Government? A parliamentry system of government is that government that is headed by the Head of Government who gets into power by direct 'vote of confidence of the Parliament.E.g Britain,
A presidential system of Government is a system of government where the executive branch is elected seperately from the legistative branch. This differs from the Parliamentry system because there is no vote of confidence and the citizenry of the counrty elect those they want as their leader.E.g America, Nigeria and most Southe American counties e.t.c. On the question of which is a better…show more content…
This, I think is unfair and unjust and that everyone should be given a chance to vote for whom they want as their leader which the presidential form of govenment provides.
BOTH SIDES OF THE ARGUMENT
1. In a presidential system, the central principle is that the legislative and executive branches of government should be separate.
2 It is extremely rare for the president to have the power to directly propose laws, or cast a vote on legislation.
3. A president is highly identifiable and accountable to voters.
4. In this system, there is a greater degree of choice for voters.
5. A president shows stability and continuity of policy- making.
6. In this system, there is centralization of authority in one person.
7. Its been noticed that this system brings about majoritarianism which is associated to democratic failure.
1. This system of government is inclusive of all groups within the executive unlike the presidential system.
2. There is flexibility in this government as coalitions can change without a new appraoch to election.
3. This system helps to unify the executive and legislative arms of government through checks and balances as the executive is dependent on the
Hannah Padilla Comparative Politics Comparative Essay April 12, 2013 Presidential vs. Parliamentry Systems When it comes to presidential and parliamentary systems they each are seen around the world. There are many significant differences between the two systems, and benefits that are represented. Presidential systems make up a minority of democratic systems, while parliamentary systems can be found in a majority of democracies. Each system has its merits, but presidential systems are clearly more democratic since there is the ability for voters to directly elect the chief executive who holds the power for their country. Parliamentry systems are comprised of two basic elements (O'neil, 2013). First, prime ministers and their cabinets come out of the legislature and the second element is that the legislature is also the instrument that elects and removes the prime minster from office (O'neil, 2013). It is seen that there is a division of power and different roles between a head government and head of state. There is a majority of power that resides with the head of government known as the prime minster. In a Parliamentry system a prime minister is elected from the legislature, which reflects the power between parties in the legislature (O'neil, 2013). In most Parliamentry systems the prime minister actually has a seat in the lower house of the legislature. When there is a tight connection between the executive and legislature then it means that there is a separation of power and responsibility and that these two branches of government do