The Museo Picasso Málaga opened in 2003 in the Buenavista Palace, and has 285 works donated by members of Picasso’s family. In 2009 the Fundación Paul, Christine y Bernard Ruiz-Picasso that owned the collection merged with the Fundación Museo Picasso Málaga that operated the museum which is based in the home on Málaga’s Plaza de la Merced that was Picasso’s birthplace, and is now the Museo Casa Natal (“Birthplace Museum”).
The new merged foundation is the “Fundación Museo Picasso Málaga. Legado Paul, Christine y Bernard Ruiz-Picasso” (“Museo Picasso Málaga Foundation. The Paul, Christine and Bernard Ruiz Picasso Legacy”).
Picasso Museum Málaga
Founding and collection
The idea of a Picasso museum in the city of the artist’s birth was first seriously discussed in 1953, during the Franco era. The artist was in touch with Juan Temboury Álvarez, the Provincial Delegate for Fine Arts in Málaga, and this very building was discussed as a possible site but nothing came of it. Christine Ruiz-Picasso, widow of the artist’s eldest son Paul Ruiz-Picasso, worked with Málaga to help put on the exhibitions Picasso Clásico (“Classic Picasso”) in 1992 and Picasso, primera mirada, (“Picasso, the first glimpse”) in 1994. This led in 1996 to rekindling the idea of a major Picasso museum in Málaga. The museum opened 17 October 2003, with the king and queen of Spain in attendance.
Picasso Museum Málaga
Christine Ruiz-Picasso donated 14 paintings, 9 sculptures, 44 individual drawings, a sketchbook with a further 36 drawings, 58 engravings, and 7 ceramic pieces, 133 works in all. Her son, Picasso’s grandson, Bernard Ruiz-Picasso donated another 5 paintings, 2 drawings, 10 engravings, and 5 ceramics, for an overall total of 155 works. The collection ranges from early academic studies to cubism to his late re-workings of Old Masters. Many additional pieces are on long-term loan to the museum. There is also a library and archive including over 800 titles on Picasso, as well as relevant documents and photographs.
Picasso Museum Málaga
The Palacio de Buenavista (Palace with a view) was originally built in the first half of the 16th century for Diego de Cazalla, over the remains of a Nasrid palace of which some elements still survive. It was declared a National Monument in 1939 and housed a previous fine arts museum 1961–1997, when it was acquired with the intention of converting it into the present museum. Adjoining buildings were adapted and built before the 2003 opening. Besides the palace itself, the museum incorporates 18 houses from the old judería (Jewish quarter).
Taken as a whole—both the palace and other buildings—the museum has of 8,300 square metres (89,000 sq ft) of floor space. The museum makes major use of natural light, especially through skylights.
Picasso Museum Málaga
Conversion of the building
The conversion of the building for the Museo Picasso was a major undertaking, led by the American architect Richard Gluckman, along with Isabel Cámara and Rafael Martín Delgado. Gluckman was something of a known quantity in Málaga, having previously successfully remodeled the city’s Episcopal Palace as an exhibition space. The project was budgeted at over 2,000 million pesetas, about US$20 million. The start of the project was delayed three months to get permission from the city for the existing buildings that would be demolished.
Gluckman originally considered a simple rehabilitation of the palace, but soon decided on a different course. The palace itself would not be big enough for the contemplated museum, and they went about acquiring adjacent buildings and land, and getting permission to incorporate or destroy various existing buildings. An initial plan was presented in July 1998; it was later expanded to include more space for a library/documentation center, an auditorium, and an educational department. The result was a decision to incorporate and refurbish several nearby historic buildings that were in disrepair. The ultimate design placed the modern buildings for offices and the new auditorium in and among a set of restored 18th and 19th century buildings.
Picasso Museum Málaga
The excavations for the work led to remarkable discoveries: remnants of a city wall and towers dating back to the Phoenicians, of a Roman factory to produce the fish-based sauce garum, and also of the earlier Nasrid palace on the same site. As a result, the basement is effectively an archeological museum in its own right, visible from above through transparent panels in the floor.
Many of the most difficult aspects of the conversion are precisely the ones that cannot be seen by the casual visitor. A purpose-built museum can take considerations of temperature, humidity, and cleanliness of air into account from the start of the design. When working with a 450-year-old palace, matters are not so simple, and are even more complex when one is resolved to change the ambience of the rooms—especially the exhibition halls—as little as possible. In particular ductwork must be well hidden, but running through the walls is also a very complicated matter, because one must not weaken the building’s structure. This problem was solved in part through making air conditioning vents out of white marble slabs with pseudo-Mudéjar design elements, integrated into the walls. Similar techniques were applied to lighting considerations: modern technology in ancient disguise. In This approach of mixing the modern and the historical was put particularly to the test in March 2002, when a fire broke out, damaging three of the halls destined to be exhibition spaces. The damaged 16th century coffered ceilings were recreated by the Madrid-based Taujel company, combining traditional craftsmanship with computer design techniques.
Picasso Museum Málaga
Gluckman’s firm received a 2005 Design Award from the American Institute of Architects for the project. Still, historian María Salinas Ruiz of Málaga was not at all pleased by the undertaking, criticizing the sacrifice of two houses with listed historical status and the major modifications to the palace itself, destroying “its marvelous spaces, its flooring, its winding passages and its fountains” that took such advantage of the light at different times of day. Others have spoken of how well the resulting galleries display Picasso’s work.
Picasso Museum Málaga
We’ve gathered a number of sample Neatline exhibits to help stretch your imagination. Look below for projects in history, literature, and contemporary space and place.
"My Dear Little Nelly": Hotchkiss Maps the Battle of Fredericksburg for his Child
A collection of letters written by Civil War cartographer Jedediah Hotchkiss and housed in the Small Special Collections Library at the University of Virginia includes a fascinating and unusual document. Four days after the Battle of Fredericksburg, Hotchkiss wrote a short letter to his daughter Nelly. After a describing the journey to rejoin the Confederate army and the natural surroundings of his campsite on the banks of the Rappahannock, Hotchkiss provides Nelly with a terse, understated description of the battle.
On the third page of the letter, Hotchkiss sketches out a rough drawing of the battlefield, penciling in the shape of the river around the Fredericksburg basin, positions of the armies, locations of artillery batteries, and the layout of the roads, railroads, and streams around the town. In this exhibit, we have cut away the section of the letter containing the map, georeferenced it against a stylized, modern-geography tileset, and layered the rest of the document around it.
Custom vector illustrations show the physical relationship between the rectified map and the rest of the letter, and the letter is transcribed with pop-up bubbles on a sentence-by-sentence basis. A collection of numbered waypoints unfold a long-format essay that describes the letter and its context in detail, and the sketch of the battle is spatially annotated and connected with content in the surrounding letter.
Most interesting, though, is the relationship between Hotchkiss's sketch and formal battle maps that were made of the same events. Scroll the timeline back to the "Sketch of the Battle of Fredericksburg, December 13," and an official map of the battle with a whole new set of waypoints and prose narrative is layered on top of Hotchkiss's sketch. Zoom in and move the timeline back and forth to compare the two maps in detail.
Project Gemini over Baja California SurBy David McClure | Map tiles by Mapbox | Link provided with the permission of the author.
In this exhibit, David McClure sets side by side contemporary satellite imagery and two images taken by the Gemini missions of Baja California Sur. The positioning of the images, in combination with McClure's own annotations and vector graphics, highlights the remarkably different orientations evident in the images and the effects of each on the appearance of Baja California Sur.
Perspectives on the HaramBy Virginia Harness, Jody Lahendro, Kelly Schantz, and David Sherdil | Map: Google Satellite | Link provided with the permission of the authors.
"Perspectives on the Haram" is an exhibit created by a group of University of Virginia undergraduate students for a course in the School of Architecture, taught by Professor Lisa Reilly. The exhibit uses images and texts from travel accounts to details the changes of the Haram Mosque over a thousand years.
Jedediah Hotchkiss and The Battle of Chancellorsville
Fought about six months after the disastrous Union defeat at the Battle of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville was one of a series of stringing defeats that rocked the Union army in 1862 and 1863. Hotchkiss played a critical role in one of the most well-known tactical maneuvers of the war: Lee and Jackson used his sketches of the roads and logging trails in the dense forest around Chancellorsville to plan a risky, 14-mile flanking march that put Jackson into position to launch a devastating attack on the right wing of Hooker's army.
Hotchkiss made dozens of maps of the area, and continued to revise and annotate them throughout his life. UVa's Small Special Collections Library holds a series of three identical printings of the map that Hotchkiss marked with colored pencils to indicate troop movements over the course of the three-day battle.
Each of the maps has been georeferenced, tagged with temporal visibility intervals, and annotated with a complex series of illustrations and waypoints. Follow the numbered locations to read a detailed description of the battle, and click on geometric vector shapes for information about Hotchkiss's markings and specific events in the battle. Drag the timeline back and forth to switch contexts between May 2nd, 3rd, and 4th. On the right of the screen, an ordered series of timestamped labels provides a high-level overview of the narrative.
Black Liberation 1969 ArchiveBy Nabil Kashyap, Alison Roseberry-Polier, John Gagnon, and Maria Mejia | Link with permission of the Black Liberation 1969 Archive. | Map: Google Satellite
The Black Liberation 1969 Archive is an Omeka archive "designed in support of Black Liberation 1969: Black Studies in History Theory and Praxis taught at Swarthmore College by Professor Allison Dorsey," and produced through the joint efforts of Nabil Kashyap, a librarian, and several students. This Neatline exhibit, a part of the larger archive, maps the 1969 sit-ins at Swarthmore, creatively using custom annotations to provide a timeline for the events.
The Whiskey Rebellion: An Interactive Mapping ProjectBy Stephanie Krom | Link with permission of Stephanie Krom. | Map: OpenStreetMap
"This digital history project explores the Whiskey Rebellion through time and space. This site includes an interactive map, a responsive timeline, and an audio tour of the major sites of the Whiskey Rebellion. Locations of important sites of the Whiskey Rebellion have been found through original, on-the-ground research and appear together for the first time in this user-focused digital space." (Text from the project's About page.)
"One Boston": Messages from The Copley Square MemorialBy Nate Rehm-Daly | Link provided with the permission of Our Marathon.
"One Boston" uses Neatline to show the variety of messages left on a large poster at the Boston Marathon bombing memorial. It uses highlighting to group together types of messages, such as non-English messages, references to Biblical passages, and references to other countries.
"Inventing the Map": Frances Henshaw's Book of PenmanshipBy Bethany Nowviskie | Map tiles by Stamen Design, under CC BY 3.0. Maps & manuscripts CC BY SA Cartography Associates with grateful acknowledgment to David Rumsey.
Frances Henshaw's 1823 Book of Penmanship Executed at the Middlebury Female Academy is imaginatively and artistically remarkable. But this 14-year-old girl's textually-derived maps and cartographically-arranged texts also provide some of our best direct evidence for the teaching practices of famed women's educational reformer Emma Willard. Willard founded Henshaw's school at a time when geography was taught almost entirely through prose, and there she developed a new, visual and experimental pedagogy, based on drawing exercises and work with printed maps.
Emma Willard asserted her own impact on spatial and historical understanding in the early American republic unblushingly: "In history," she wrote, "I have invented the map."
This work-in-progress site demonstrates how Neatline can fit into an existing Omeka collection. It currently includes three separate Neatline exhibits.
A Sentimental JourneyBy Kurt Jensen | Map Tiles by OpenStreetMap, under CC BY SA. Link provided with the permission of the author.
In this exhibit, University of Virginia undergraduate Kurt Jensen uses Neatline to spatially and temporally visualize the travels of Yorick in Laurence Sterne's A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy. In doing so, he draws attention to the ambiguous relation between the narrative and the actual course of travel.
"I am It, and It is I": Lovecraft in ProvidenceBy Paul Mawyer | Map tiles by Stamen Design, under CC BY 3.0.
This exhibit, by a University of Virginia undergraduate, connects short passages from the private letters of 20th-century horror writer H. P. Lovecraft with the geography of his home city, Providence, Rhode Island. Paul Mawyer uses Neatline to explore the ways in which Providence appears in and influences the writing of a man whose tombstone reads, "I am Providence."
The Possibility of an IslandBy Stephanie Posthumus and Amy Goh | Maps: Google Physical and Streets
Stephanie Posthumus and Amy Goh, of McGill University, use Neatline to map the life of one of the characters from Michel Houellebecq's novel, The Possibility of an Island, in this exhibit, making impressive use of custom point images.
Mapping the Catalogue of ShipsBy Jenny Strauss Clay, Courtney Evans, and Ben Jasnow | Maps: Google Physical
In collaboration with the Scholars' Lab, Jenny Strauss Clay, Courtney Evans, and Ben Jasnow created "Mapping the Catalogue of Ships" to visually demonstrate the link between the Catalogue of Ships in Homer's Iliad and the natural geography of Greece.
Jeddah: Gateway to the HajjBy Deniz Berk, Maggie Friedman, Blake McDonald | Map: Google Satellite | Link provided with the permission of the authors.
"Jeddah: Gateway to the Hajj" is an exhibit created by a group of University of Virginia undergraduate students for a course in the School of Architecture, taught by Professor Lisa Reilly. The exhibit uses first hand accounts to depict the experience of the Hajj as it has been shaped by changing modes of travel in three different time periods.
University of Virginia Campus MapBy David McClure | Copyright 2012, The Board and Visitors of the University of Virginia (U.Va. Web Map)
In addition to built-in integration with georeferenced historical maps, Neatline can also be used as a general-purpose mapping tool to create interactive exhibits on modern-geography base layers. This exhibit is a reinvention of the standard-issue university campus map: each of the major buildings on the historic Central Grounds at the University of Virginia is outlined and annotated with a short historical description. Neatline was developed by the research and development group at the UVa Library Scholars' Lab. Our offices are indicated by an overlayed, semi-transparent image dropped over the west wing of Alderman Library.
Pic d'Anie via LescunBy David McClure | Photographs by David McClure.
Pic d'Anie (2,507 m) is the first non-trivial climbing target on a eastbound traverse of the Pyrenees along the Pyrenean High Route, a walking route that follows the center ridgeline between France and Spain. Just a few miles into the Parc National des Pyrénées, Anie benefits aesthetically from contrast with the rolling gentle, hills of the Basque country to the east. Although not particularly large or technically challenging, Anie is an understated, beautiful mountain with a strikingly symmetrical summit cone, tucked into a jagged ring of secondary peaks that can obscure its summit from the surrounding valleys.
This exhibit plots a series of photographs taken during an ascent of the mountain from the small hamlet of Lescun, which sits on a broad, sloping mountainside about five miles to the east. The approach route and climbing line are plotted in detail, and each photograph is represented by a dot and a thin line, indicating both the direction that the camera was pointing and offering a rough, interpretive approximation of the photographer's range of view.